Gambia’s FGM Debate: A Test for Human Rights and Cultural Tradition


Banjul, Gambia-In a recent stirring development from Gambia, the nation’s parliament found itself at the heart of a contentious debate over a law that marked a significant stride in human rights, especially for women and girls. This law, aimed at eradicating female genital mutilation (FGM), has been under scrutiny, revealing the complexities of balancing cultural traditions with the imperative of human rights.

The Law Under Debate

Enacted in 2015, Gambia’s anti-FGM legislation emerged as a landmark move against a practice deeply rooted in certain cultural and religious traditions within the largely Muslim country. It positioned Gambia as a progressive force in the global fight against a practice that has long been condemned by human rights advocates. This law not only outlawed FGM but also introduced severe penalties, including fines and prison sentences of up to three years, escalating to life imprisonment in cases where the practice led to death.

A Divided Opinion

The push for the repeal of this anti-FGM law has unveiled a rift within Gambian society, pitting some religious groups and traditionalists against human rights activists and those advocating for the continuation of the ban. The former argue from a religious and cultural standpoint, claiming the practice as a virtuous element of Islam, a viewpoint supported by Gambia’s Supreme Islamic Council. Meanwhile, opposition figures and certain lawmakers have joined this chorus, advocating for what they describe as the right to practice religious beliefs freely.

In contrast, the law’s defenders, including Deputy Speaker Seedy SK Njie, emphasize the commitment to protecting women and girls from violence, heralding the law as a crucial safeguard that “is here to stay.”

Public Reaction and Global Context

The debate has not only stirred the parliament but has also spilled onto the streets, with demonstrations reflecting the deeply polarized views on this issue. This controversy comes against a backdrop of a global struggle against FGM, a practice affecting over 200 million women and girls worldwide, predominantly in Africa and Asia. The push to repeal the ban in Gambia has been met with international criticism, with organizations like Amnesty International describing it as a “backward move” for women’s rights and Gambia’s human rights record.

Recent years have seen legal actions against FGM practitioners in Gambia, with convictions highlighting the law’s enforcement. However, these cases also underscore the practice’s persistent shadow, revealing the challenges in eradicating a tradition that has seen a vast majority of Gambian women subjected to FGM, often before the age of five.

A Call to Action

The current debate in Gambia’s parliament is more than just a legal dilemma; it’s a critical moment for the nation’s soul, testing its commitment to human rights against the weight of tradition and religious belief. As the world watches, the outcome of this debate will not only shape the future of countless Gambian girls and women but also signal Gambia’s stance in the global arena on human rights and cultural practices.

The call from international bodies, national human rights commissions, and local activists is clear: uphold the ban and continue the fight against FGM. As Gambia stands at this crossroads, the decision ahead will define its path forward in the struggle for human rights, gender equality, and the dignity of its people.


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